TGNCNB — Prevalence Rates


Facts about Violence against TGNC People

  • Nearly 1 in 4 undergraduate students who are transgender or gender non-conforming experience sexual assault in college.
  • 78% of GNB youth reported “significant abuse at school,” with 31% of the abuse was from teachers.
  • 64% of transgender people have experienced sexual assault in their lifetime.
    • 1 in 3 transgender girls and 1 in 6 transgender boys commonly reported to experience sexual abuse
  • The National Transgender Discrimination Survey (NTDS) found that nearly every system in the U.S. is implicated in the discrimination, harassment, and abuse of trans and GNB folks.
  • There are few legal protections for TGNC people in housing, healthcare, legal documentation, etc — making the community more vulnerable after experiencing discrimination.
  • Current dismantling of TGNC rights has also left the future of their protections in flux in employment and education — making them particularly vulnerable after experiencing campus sexual violence.
  • The Association of American Universities found in its 2015 campus climate survey that 19% of TGNC college students experienced campus sexual assault
  • One study found that 86% of high school transgender individuals had experienced a form of sexual violence due to their gender identity, often perpetrated by other students.
  • Sexual violence against trans people occur at a high level of frequency and begins at an early age.
    • One study found the median age of its respondents’ first sexual abuse experience was between 14 and 15 years old.
    • While 78% of participants in another study reported their first unwanted sexual touch by age 12.
  • In addition to high rates of sexual violence victimization, trans people also have high prevalence rates of physical violence (61%).
  • According to a study, 70% of trans victims of physical violence did not report any of their assaults to the police.
  • One study found that 37% of the perpetrators of verbal abuse and 14% of the perpetrators of physical assaults, against trans individuals were police.
    • A compilation of studies found that between 22 and 32% of trans people have been harassed by police.
    • With upwards of 15% experiencing physical abuse by police.
    • 7% being sexually assaulted by police.
    • 7.7% of respondents also had reported experiencing unjust arrests.

TGNC People of Color

  • According to the National Transgender Discrimination Study (NTDS), prevalence rates of sexual assault in K-12 educational settings against trans people of color is as follows:
    • Asian/Pacific Islander: 17%
    • Black: 15%
    • Native Americans: 24%
    • Multiracial: 18%
  • The NTDS found that 51% of respondents reported being harassed or bullied in school.
  • 13% of Black transgender people surveyed in the NTDS were sexually assaulted in the workplace.
  • A survey of Latina transgender women in Los Angeles County found that
    • two-thirds say they’ve been verbally harassed by law enforcement
    • 21 percent had been physically assaulted
    • 24 percent say they were victims of sexual assault by law enforcement.
  • Compared to other lesbians of color, two-spirit females report the highest rates of physical and sexual abuse in both childhood and adulthood.
  • Rates of physical and sexual abuse among urban two-spirit men are higher than those of heterosexual urban Native men.
  • The National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs of LGBT survivors of violence found that 48% of those who had contact with police reported experiencing misconduct including excessive force, unjustified arrest, or entrapment.
  • The National Coalition of Anti-Violence found in 2013 that nearly 90% of LGBTQ homicide victims were people of color; 72% were transgender women; 67% were trans women of color.

91% of murders of trans people are trans people of color, with most victims being poor trans women of color.